Colosseum, Palatino & Roman Forum
A bit of history about the Colosseum, Palatine and Roman Forum
Colosseum. The construction of the Flavian Amphitheater, better known as the Roman Coliseum, began around AD 7 under the Emperor Vespasian. The Coliseum was built in a valley, having dried a small lake that Nerone used for the Domus Aurea, between the hills of the Palatine, Esquiline and Celio. The Emperor Tito inaugurated the Coliseum in the year 80, but 2 years later finished the works that included the last floor.
The Colosseum became the largest Roman amphitheater, with an elliptical structure of 188 meters long, 156 meters wide and 57 meters high. Made in brick and covered with travertine was divided into five levels with a capacity for more than 50,000 people. Its areas were delimited depending on the social class, the closer to the arena they were the greater the rank to which they belonged.
In the nineteenth century, work was done on the settlement and remodeling of the Coliseum, and although during World War II suffered the effects of the attacks, this majestic and imposing monument has become a cultural asset of the city and the world surviving the time and wars.
Palatine Museum. According to an ancient tradition, it was in this hill that Romulo built the first nucleus of Rome in the second half of the 8th century BC. Excavations have revealed huts and tombs of the Iron Age and the ancient fortification. The Palatine was also the center of worship as that of Cibeles, the personification of the fertile land, an ambivalent goddess symbolizing the creative and destructive force of nature.
Between the 2nd and 1st century BC the Palatino became a residential colony for the Roman aristocracy. In this period the House of Griffins was built, famous for its paintings. Emperor Augustus transformed the Palatine into the official power center and began a program of building imperial palaces and restructuring and expanding buildings built by former emperors.
Roman Forum. At the end of the 7th century BC, the Roman Forum was built in the center of public life in Rome for more than a millennium. Throughout the centuries several buildings were built for political, religious and economic activities, and in the second century civil or basilica buildings where judicial activities took place. At the end of the Republican age the old Roman Forum was inadequate and not functional as a civil and administrative center of the city.
The emperors and their dynasties added only monuments of prestige: The Temple of Vespasian and Titus and the one of Antonino Pio and Faustina dedicated to the memory of the emperors, the monumental arch of Settimo Severo, built at the west end of the square in 203 AD to celebrate its military victories. In the IV century AD under the Emperor Massenzio a temple dedicated to the memory of his son Romulus was built and the imposing Basilica in the Velia was restructured. The last monument that rose in the Roman Forum was the Column of the year 608 AD in honor of the Byzantine Emperor Phocas.
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The Colosseum is open from 8.30 am to one hour before sunset depending on the season:
8:30 am - 3:30 pm from the last sunday of October to February 15
8:30 am - 4:00 pm from February 16 to March 15
8:30 am - 4:30 pm from March 16 to last Saturday of March
8:30 am - 6:15 pm from last Sunday of March to August 31
8:30 am - 6:00 pm from September 1 to September 30
8:30 am - 5:30 pm from October 1 to last saturday of October
The Ticket office closes one hour before closing time.
Closed on January 1st and December 25th.
Piazza del Colosseo, Roma.
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